The Dutch Warmblood is one of the most successful post war competition horses. The breed was developed in the Netherlands. The origin dates back to the 20th century.
Essentially, the Dutch Warmblood is the result of two of Holland’s indigenous breeds–the Groningen and the Gelderlander. The Gelderlander was a good-moving carriage horse, while the Groningen was a heavier horse with powerful quarters. The combination created the base for the Dutch Warmblood. The base was later refined through Thoroughbred influence; later crosses for improvements on temperament and conformation included French and German warm blood breeds. They are ridden as a saddle horse.
This breed has gained a reputation as a skilled performer, both as a jumper and dressage horse. They are noted for their strong legs and hooves. Although they are not particularly fast, they are athletic with a gymnastic quality about them. Breeders put a lot of emphasis on the correctness of action and even temperament. They stand anywhere from 16 to 17.2 hands. The head is very similar to the Thoroughbred. The good front and strong shoulders have been retained characteristics of the Gelderlander. The body has become more compact as a result of Thoroughbred influence. The legs are sound with adequate bone. All solid coat colorations are possible.
The Gelderlander contributed size, shoulder strength, presence and a showy action. The increased substance and powerful quarters came by way of the Groningen. The Thoroughbred gave a shortened carriage and improved conformation, as well as a courageous demeanor.