The Lipizzaner is associated with Vienna’s Spanish Riding School in Austria. It is also bred extensively in Hungary, Romania, Czechoslovakia and Slovenia. Each country produces a somewhat individual type. The origin dates back to the 16th century.
The Lipizzaner is descendent of Spanish horses; the name comes from the stud at the Lipica, in Slovenia. In 1580, the stud was created when 9 stallions and 24 mares were imported from the Iberian Peninsula. The intention was to produce a line of showy, predominantly white horses. They are suitable for both saddle and harness.
The conformation of the breed is reminiscent of an all-around cob. These Hungarian-bred horses are great carriage horses and, thanks to the Thoroughbred, have a greater scope and more freedom of movement. They are long-lived and capable of performing difficult movements into their twenties. They stand between 15.1 and 16.2 hands. The head shows a clear Arabian influence, while retaining the profile of Spanish breeds. The neck is thick and short; the shoulders are well-suited to harness. The withers are not pronounced and the action tends to be high. The legs are short and powerful with hard hooves.
The Spanish horse contributed its natural elegance, strength and spirit.